Cannabis Concentrates for Advanced Consumers

Cannabis concentrates, oils, and extracts offer many unique benefits that you won’t find smoking flower. From easy, precise dosing to clean and refined flavors, concentrates focus on the ingredients in cannabis that matter most. In this 4-part series, you’ll learn the fundamentals of concentrates, explore product options, discover how extracts are made, and more. 


Cannabis concentrates come in a range of product types, forms, and consistencies. These products may vary in purity or chemical composition (i.e., THC, CBD, terpenes), which generally comes down to how the concentrate is extracted and refined as well as the source material from which the final extract is derived.

There are many different extraction techniques that can result in concentrates exhibiting a range of potencies, textures, and consistencies. These various forms are often named according to how they were made or their appearance—for example, butane hash oil (BHO) refers to extracts created using the solvent butane, and shatter describes a concentrate that appears glasslike in texture.

In this section, you’ll learn more about the different types of concentrates that are popularly vaporized or dabbed by consumers looking for a potent and refined cannabis product. We’ll also explain how they’re made through a variety of extraction processes.

Jump to Section:

  • How Cannabis Extracts Are Made
    • Solvent Extraction
    • Solventless Extraction
  • Solvent-Based Extracts
    • Hydrocarbon Extracts (BHO)
    • CO2 Oil
    • Distillate
  • Solventless Extracts
    • Dry Sift
    • Ice Water Hash
    • Rosin
  • Concentrate Consistencies
    • Shatter
    • Wax
    • Pull ‘n’ Snap

How Cannabis Extracts Are Made

When it comes to concentrating the cannabinoids and terpenes from cannabis, methods can generally be broken into two primary types: solvent-based and solventless extractions.

Sound complicated? Don’t worry, we’ll break it down for you.

Solvent Extraction

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